Anatomy and ideal proportion:
The ideal breast is 10-12 cm wide and the 2 nipples are about 20 cm apart (variable according to thorax width and patient morphology). The areola, with an ideal diameter of 38-45 mm, should be located 20 cm from the top of the sternum or halfway between the shoulder (acromion) and the elbow (epicondyle) and the distance between the nipple and the submammary fold should be about 6.5-7 cm.
It is defined by a volume of the breasts too large, compared to the morphology of the patient. Often, this excess volume leads to breast ptosis (sagging breasts) that must be corrected during surgery. From a functional point of view, breast hypertrophy sometimes leads to neck and back pain and can be a hindrance to sports activities. It sometimes has a significant psychological impact and can restrict the patient’s choice of clothing.
We can with a breast reduction reduce the size of the breasts, correct in passing the ptosis of the breasts and the size of the areolas which is often excessive and asymmetrical and obtain a size and shape of the breasts to measure, according to the quality of the skin and the initial anatomy of the patient.
The procedure is performed under general anesthesia. Dr. Lucas, who was trained at the breast center of the CHUV (University Hospital of Lausanne), performs an inverted “T” scar, starting around the nipples but hidden in the colored part of the areola, then vertically from the nipple to the submammary fold, and then extending horizontally hidden in the submammary fold. The excess mammary glandular tissue is resected, the mammary gland resected during the procedure is sent for analysis, and then a skin closure is performed, usually without redons. Dr. Lucas uses biological surgical glue for the scar, so that the patient can take a shower on the second day after the procedure. In general, the procedure is performed on an outpatient basis, without the need for hospitalization.
Time to final results:
2 weeks to see a significant result, 2 to 5 months to see the final result
Longevity of results:
Definitive, but with weight changes, pregnancies, breastfeeding and time, the breast will evolve.
Stop smoking 1 month before surgery (risk of necrosis of the areola important if active smoking)
Do not take Aspirin 10 days before the operation, inform Dr. Lucas of any anticoagulant medication (Sintrom, Coumadin, Eliquis, etc.) in order to arrange for its discontinuation or replacement.
Take Arnica capsules 5 times a day for 5 days before surgery to prevent hematoma.
Shower with Hibiscrub soap provided on the prescription 48 hours before.
For patients over 35 years of age or if there is a family history of breast cancer, a screening mammogram should ideally be performed.
On the day of the procedure, you must not eat, drink or smoke for 6 hours beforehand.
Purchase before the procedure by you of a postoperative bra, the size of which will be specified to you by Dr. Lucas.
Duration of the operation: 2h30
Ambulatory: no hospitalization, no redons
Post-operative pain: 1/10, with appropriate analgesia. Dr. Lucas performs an infiltration during the operation with long-acting anesthetics, in order to cover the 3 postoperative days.
Social eviction: 4-7 days with some discomfort. Shower possible from the 2nd day thanks to the use by Dr Lucas of biological surgical glue replacing the dressings.
Return to work: 10 days
Return to sports: 6-8 weeks
Arnica capsules 5 capsules 5 times a day for 5 days after surgery to prevent hematoma.
Stop smoking permanently to minimize complications.
Control Dr Lucas D2, D7, 3 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, 1 year
During the first 3 days especially: no rapid effort, rest, do not get up too quickly, take it easy so as not to make any sudden movements (efforts may increase the tension and open the small vessels and thus cause a hematoma)
Compression bandage around the breasts for 24-48 hours, then put in place during the consultation at 2 days of the support bra
Do not lift arms above 100°, do not carry heavy loads > 3-4 kg and do not push for 6 weeks.
Bra without underwire for 3 weeks day and night, 3 weeks during the day.
Shower from the 2nd day: pass water on the scar without rubbing, dab with clean cloth without rubbing
Between the 2nd day and the 7th day, disinfect the wound once a day with Merfen spray or another disinfectant spray.
From the 15th day, gently rub glue on the scar which will disappear over several days without tearing it off
Bath from 3 weeks depending on the evolution of the scar at 3 weeks.
Massage scar with Gorgonium 2 times 5 minutes per day for 3 months after the shower, from the 15th day.
Strataderm silicone once a day for 3 months, starting on the 15th day.
Sun protection with an index higher than 50 during the 6 months following the surgery.
Follow-up of the scar by Dr. Lucas for 1 year after the surgery is essential.
– Hematoma, seroma: a hematoma can occur especially during the first 48 hours. If it is significant, it is necessary to intervene again and evacuate it. During the first few days, it is necessary to rest and not to make any sudden movements in order to reduce the risk of hematoma.
– Localized skin necrosis, necrosis of the areola: the risk of this is greatly increased by smoking intoxication.
– Infection: fortunately rare, infection may require antibiotic treatment.
– Decreased sensitivity of the areola: often transient, full recovery is generally achieved after a few months.
– Abnormal, hypertrophic or even keloid scars: patients with dark skin, at risk of abnormal scars, must pay particular attention to the care of the scar with Gorgonium and Strataderm; follow-up remains essential
– Breast reduction and breastfeeding: there are no consequences on breastfeeding, the patient can breastfeed after a breast reduction.
– Scar dehiscence and delayed healing (favored by smoking): sometimes there are small openings in the scar of a few millimeters, which can be treated with dressings, usually without the need for reoperation. The follow-up by Dr. Lucas of the scar is essential.